Prambanan Temple and The Story of Roro Jonggrang.

Candi Prambanan or Candi Rara Jonggrang is a 9 century Hindu temple compound in Central JavaIndonesia, dedicated to the Trimurti, the expression of God as the Creator (Brahma), the Sustainer (Vishnu) and the Destroyer (Shiva). The temple compound is located approximately 18 km east of Yogyakarta city on the boundary between Yogyakarta and Central Java province.[1] 

(source : ^ Prambanan Temple Compounds – UNESCO World Heritage Centre)

Prambanan Temple (Sketch by Arkanhendra)

Once upon a time there is a King named Prabu Baka. He is the king of Baka Kingdom. To expand his teritory, he planned to attack Pengging Kingdom.  Prabu Damarmoyo the King of Pengging sent his troops to prevent Prabu Baka expansion. During this war, so many people are suffer.  Beside that, many soldier from both of side was dead. Finnaly to defeat the mighty Prabu Baka, Prabu Damarmoyo ordered his son, Prince Bandung Bandawasa to killed Prabu Baka.

Thanks to his power and skills, Prabu Baka was defeated and died in battle. Knowing his King was dead, Baka general, Patih Gupala retreat back to his kingdom. And Bandung Bandawasa pursue the general to his kingdom. When he arrives in Baka Kingdom he was surprised when he met Rara Jonggrang, Prabu Baka’s daughter. He was fallin love with Rara Jonggrang because of her beauty.

Finnaly, Prince Bandung Bandawasa wants Rara Jonggrang to married him. But Rara Jonggrang said no. She doesnt want to marry a man who took his fathers life. But, that doesnt make Prince Bandung Bandawasa give up. He persuade Rara Jonggrang firmly and patiently until Rara Jonggrang said yes. In the end, Rara Jonggrang decided to approving Bandung Bandawasa proposal in two condition. First, he must make a well for her, named Sumur Jalatunda (Jalatunda Well). And then Bandung Bandawasa must built 1000 temples in one night for her. Then she will marry him.

Bandung Bandawasa agreed with that. When he tries to make the well, Rara Jonggrang ordered Patih Gupala to burry Bandung Bandawasa. But because his power he was saved. He was so mad because of Rara Jonggrang deceived him. But with her beauty Rara Jonggrang success to prevent Bandung Bandawasa for going rage. The first term was succeded. And now, Bandung Bandawasa prepared to built 1000 temples for her.

He asked a help from the spirit creature with his power. From inside the earth, the jins, ghosts and many spirit creatures comes to help him. When Rara Jonggrang heard it, that Bandung bandawasa was almost done with his work, Rara Jonggrang feel worried about it. Then, she asked for her servant  (dayang) and girls from villages to pound the rice  and made a big fire camp in the east side palace.

Hearing the sound of people pounding the rice and a light from the east side which is from the fire camp, the spirit creature think that its already dawn yet. And they decided to run and hide. After knowing that its all because of Rara Jonggrang tricks to ruin his plan to marry her, he can’t be patient again. In rage he cursed Rara Jonggrang become a stone statue, the most beautiful one.  To fullfil his 999 temple that was finished.

Rara Jonggrang means the Slim Girl. Know you can see it as the Durga statue in the north hall of the Prambanan main temple.


*) You can visited Prambanan Temple using trans jogja bus or another local transport. It took only 10-15 minutes from Adisucipto Airport.

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